Classroom environment

Facilitating Classroom Discussion: A Guide

A photograph of three students sitting together around a desk with one student raising a hand.

One of the most effective ways to promote learning with students is through a well-facilitated class discussion. In interacting with the instructor and their peers, students learn how to develop their point of view while comparing what they think to what others think. Students can learn how to communicate with others, even in the presence of disagreement. Instructors can make this kind of learning possible by planning classroom discussions ahead of time, building an inclusive environment, setting clear expectations, and asking the right questions.

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